The following spring, as soon as soil warms and the threat of a hard freeze is over, it is safe to plant in the landscape. Do not resume fertilizing and regular irrigation until spring when new growth emerges. This will keep the mums foliage tight and close, and allow the timing of the blooms for fall and not late summer. — … Remember that mums left in the landscape can be left there overwinter. ( See : Our Homemade Potting Soil Recipe). Not Preparing Your Mums for Winter. Pinch off dead blooms to clean up the plant, but leave branches intact. How to Care for Mums After Blooming 1. As the days shorten after the summer solstice, mums... Pruning Mums to Force Blooms. One of the secrets to encouraging flowers on mums is to pinch them back. For these mums, do not cut back the foliage until spring, as it will help provide protection for the first winter. The goal is to allow them to go dormant without freezing. Cut all of the plant's stems back to 6 to 8 inches above ground level either shortly after the mum has finished blooming or in late winter just as new growth emerges. Before bringing indoors, cut the mum back a few inches above the potted soil line. For starters, the plants are often labeled as “hardy”, or as a garden mum. Cut the top growth back to the next branching growth area and the plant will produce more stems and bigger, more profuse buds. You may opt to leave the stems intact until spring growth develops if you find the dead stems of winter interest or valuable to wildlife. Signs of overwatering include yellow leaves that turn black and fall off. Give them plenty of water in the week or so after planting, then give them about one inch per week after … Chrysanthemums will benefit from liquid fertilizer in early spring. Old World Garden Farms At The Peak Of Autumn Color. Stop pinching the stems back after buds form, so as not to interfere with blooming. No matter if they were in pots, hanging baskets – or even planted in the ground. Unfortunately, mums planted back into the ground in late fall have little chance for survival. Mums are photoperiodic plants that require long dark nights to bloom. Mums will generally lose their top growth after a hard frost and go dormant for the winter. The goal is to allow them to go dormant without freezing. Mums have moderate maintenance requirements and benefit from some amount of care throughout much of the year, including after they finish blooming. How To Save Mums! To do their best, chrysanthemums should be planted in well-drained beds that receive at least six hours of sun daily. If you happen to get a late season mum, you could easily be clearing the garden before they bloom. When we spotted new mum leaves coming up in this constantly shady area, we put it into a large … Mums are even-light bloomers, meaning they bloom when the days and nights are even in length. But if you dug them up to pot them, you will once again need to overwinter indoors until next spring. When the blooms of mums become saturated with water, it weakens and fades them quickly. Meanwhile, larger mums in larger pots most often tend to be savable garden mums. There are two types of mums that are for sale in the fall – garden mums (hardy mums), and floral mums. A Few More Tips For Keeping Potted Mums Looking Great. Will Mums Bloom Twice in a Pot? Especially when you consider most are tossed to the curb at the end of the season – even though the large majority sold are hardy varieties that can be kept and grown from year to year. If you wish to divide the mums to create multiple new plants or rejuvenate an old mum by removing and discarding the plant's center, dig up and divide the plant in late winter or early spring just as new growth emerges. Chrysanthemums are short-day plants. If the roots have grown too big for the same size pot, and they likely are, move to a larger vessel, or split and divide to allow room for root growth. Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. When your decorating season is over, or when the temps simply become too cold, it’s time to move the plant to safety for good. They start budding around Labor Day and bloom soon after. But can they ever be expensive! To receive our 3 Home, Garden, Recipe and Simple Life articles each week, sign up below for our free email list. Floral mums also usually tend to have smaller blooms. If they have a good 4 to 6 weeks before the first frost, the roots have most likely set. Mums can be cut back in early summer to avoid early blooming such as this. Occasional supplemental irrigation following blooming is generally only necessary if the plants are grown in an area protected from rainfall or during periods of extended dry weather, so that the soil around the mums does not dry out completely. The easiest method is to simply plant your mums into the landscape. After the Fall Bloom After your mums have finished blooming in the fall, and the foliage has gone completely dormant, you can cut the dead stems back to just above the ground. Keeping your mums alive from year to year all starts with selecting the right mums at the time of purchase. Mulch up to 4 inches with straw or shredded hardwood around the plants. Talk about a serious savings to the pocketbook! Pinch the stems between mid-spring and midsummer to promote bushiness. Make no mistake, chrysanthemums thrive in full sun. The mulch for winterizing mums can be straw or leaves. Prepare mums for winter after the first hard frost. What Do I Do With My Potted Mums After They Die? Mums are synonymous with fall decorating. This allows for plenty of nutrients for the season. It is best not to allow a mum to wilt in the first 4-5 weeks after planting as this is the critical time in which premature budding can set in. Better Homes & Gardens Perennial Gardening; John Wiley & Sons, Taylor's Guide to Perennials; Barbara Ellis. What can I do to get them to bloom again? If you see this, you know they are good for saving. Before bringing indoors, cut the mum back a few inches above the potted soil line. If you purchased your mums in early fall and planted them in the ground for display, they can be left to overwinter. Mums prefer rich, fertile and well draining soil, so adding compost when planting is a big key to success. Mums love … Best of all, it’s not hard to do. Now on to saving those mums! This late-summer fertilization can increase flowering, especially in areas with wet summers where rainfall has caused nutrients to leach from the soil. Plant in spring and divide every two years. As soon as the flowers finish blooming, cut off or detach individual flowers to a larger stem for a neater appearance. Monitor fertilizer salt levels in the growing medium and do periodic tissue tests to address any nutritional deficiencies or pH problems that might occur. If the mums produce spring blooms, pinch them back before late summer to encourage fall flowering. You should encourage fuller plant growth by pinching back new growth in spring, readying the mums for the fall blooms. Chrysanthemum 'Coral Cavali' Barbara L. Johnston/MCT Q: The blooms on my potted mums are spent. After this, when wintering mums, it is best to provide a heavy layer of mulch over the plant after the ground has frozen. Occasional irrigation can only be deemed necessary during periods of extended dry weather or if the mums are planted in an area that is shielded from rainfall. To extend the beauty of your "Point Pelee" mum, water only when the soil becomes dry to the touch, never allow it to completely dry out and it will provide many weeks of enjoyment in your home. Space mums about 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart, allowing them room to fill out. Most potted mums are sold as "florist mums," according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. Here is to overwintering your garden mums and saving them for next year! As the warmer temperatures of spring roll around, it’s time for action! There's no need to fertilize your "Point Pelee" mum. As mentioned above, removing wilted blooms and dead stems or leaves helps your mums bloom for an extended time. It forces the plant to grow more shoots at a lower height, creating a fuller mum. Mums (Chrysanthemum moriflorum and Dendranthema grandiflora) are herbaceous perennials cultivated across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, although the growing range varies between cultivars and many mums are treated as annuals even in warm areas. When watering, water at the base of the plant and not through the buds or flowers on top. Let’s first talk about mums in containers or baskets. Remove and replace the mulch if the mums experienced disease or pest problems during the growing season. Mums perform best in fertile, well-drained soil. With a hardiness from growing zones 5 to 9, it is these mums you want to purchase and save! In fact, it can cut a bloom’s life span in half! In colder climates your mums may need to mulched using leaves, wood chips, or straw. Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. One option is to try to overwinter the mums by burying the pots in the garden. If it's fall and your mums are not flowering, it's possible that they were forced into blooming earlier in the year, so they didn't develop enough new buds after the first flowering. Excessive mulch combined with wet winter weather can trap moisture against plant stems or crowns, leaving them vulnerable to rot. If frost gets your mums, don't fret. Did you know that with just a little bit of care, you can save your hardy potted and container mums to grow again next year? Watering outdoor mums is pretty much the same as indoor mums especially if they are still in their pots. Once mums bloom, deadheading can generate more blooms. Snip through the stem 3 to 5 inches below the old flower so the bare stem isn't visible. So how do you know the difference? Cut or pinch off individual flowers back to a larger stem as soon as each flower has finished blooming to maintain a... 2. Always move your mums to safety on nights with a freeze, or extremely low temperatures in the forecast. (See: How To Care For Mums In The Summer). This layer of … Simply cut apart into equal sections with a sharp knife or shovel and replant. Keeping the soil moist will help plants stay healthy until you are ready to plant them. After this happens, cut the top growth back and cover all the plants with a thick layer of mulch.The following spring, after the threat of frost has passed, pull the mulch back off the plants. After the mums start to flower, cut off the dead blooms as soon as they begin to wilt. Happy Gardening – Jim and Mary. If your spring is mild, and you plant the mums in early March, you may get a spring bloom. If you want your potted Mums to last as long as possible, deadheading is a must. Dispose of all portions of the mum you trim off away from the remaining mum plant and other desirable vegetation to prevent the spread of disease. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. 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