When Hibbert leaves, Osborne enters, and Stanhope informs him that he and Raleigh will be leading the raid on the German trenches. Stanhope is suspicious that Hibbert is faking his illness in order to be sent to the hospital before the big attack comes, comparing Hibbert to a lowly wriggling worm. Performed in 1928 when the bitter memories of war were still fresh, it made a profound impact on those who saw it. Suddenly, there is a lot of action on stage as we see Hibbert attempt to hit Stanhope. Scene 3 The German attack on the British trenches approaches, when it arrived Hibbert refused to get out of bed. While the other men have all experienced the cycles of inaction and action that take place during trench warfare, Raleigh has only sat in wretched anticipation. He goes as far as threatening to shoot Hibbert … The tension is still high here as we know that Stanhope will be incredibly angry with Hibbert for trying to escape, let alone hit him. “Clear out of here!” Stanhope shouts, and Hibbert stumbles to the sleeping quarters, leaving Stanhope with Trotter, who is preparing to relieve Raleigh. As such, the sense of futility that characterizes the war (with its never-ending cycles of inaction and action) once again comes to the forefront, as Trotter frames the raid as something that will do little more than kill a number of good men. ��Ȁ/����A�R�d32�I�StK�B�����Q�I+oۭ�'�w��}:����B-gsH>d�4�ZٔC As such, the audience sees that Stanhope is perhaps not as unhinged as one might think, since this scene proves that he can be caring and shrewd as a leader. Osborne is Stanhope’s second in command. %���� 4 0 obj Indeed, he sees being chosen to lead the raid as a great honor, not stopping to consider the fact that this means he must carry out a highly dangerous mission. Stanhope orders that Raleigh be brought into his dugout. Rather than encouraging Hibbert to stay for vague notions of valor or pride, he implores the man to think about what it would feel like to leave good people like Raleigh and Osborne and Trotter behind. When Hibbert talks about motor cars Trotter says he prefers walking or “shanks’ mare”. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." During this conversation, Hibbert grows more and more hysterical, until finally he admits that the real reason he wants to leave is because he can’t stand the stress and fear that comes along with being at war. cxpl� ��X�ɉ��t[����� �)�X�;�hRrݤ�ZE�`��!� zfUZ$��3�R~����Z���� Douglass was known to his comrades in the battalion as ‘Father’, rather than ‘Uncle’, as he was the son of a clergymen, a background given to Stanhope in Journey’s End. He goes out of control. �J�ku!���� ���f!���/���[m� In the first few scenes Raleigh represents the naive believer in the kind of glorious war put forward by recruitment propaganda. Journeys End The dugout scene where Hibbert is trying to runaway from the horrors of war and Stanhope convinces him to stay and fight through it. Journeys End War Hibbert Stanhope. Trotter does not join in the stories about women (we are not sure whether Stanhope and especially Hibbert are exaggerating). Raleigh does not feel like partaking in the higher quality food and champagne that celebrates the successful raid because he is stricken by sadness that Osborne did not make it back alive with him. The second scene of the third act occurs after dinner on the same day. The dugout is full of candles and there are champagne bottles on the table. Hibbert complained that he was terribly ill, The plan, he explains, is that Osborne will direct the procedure (overseeing the pitching of a smoke bomb) while Raleigh and ten soldiers dash into the trenches to grab hostages. -Graham S. By threatening to shoot Hibbert, Stanhope proves to Hibbert that he is serious, and by withstanding the threat, Hibbert proves that he’s not as cowardly as Stanhope might think. During the passage at the end of Act 2 Scene 2 Stanhope is probably feeling great anger at Hibbert and thinking him a coward for trying to shirk his duty and get away off ill. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The fact that this works only further emphasizes Sherriff’s interest in the powerful dynamics of friendship in difficult circumstances. <> But it is Stanhope who eggs him on – it is Stanhope who says, ‘That’s the idea!  Raleigh is fatally wounded but Stanhope doesn[t tell him. Act three, page 98, Stanhope gives Hibbert a drink and some reassurance so that he can go out to fight. Indeed, he wants to show the cowardly officer that anybody can make up excuses in order to leave. Raleigh, hit hard by the death of Osborne has opted not to join the other officers for dinner. Here, he enters the dugout and is reprimanded by Stanhope. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Noel Coward prevailed on the producer to let him play Stanhope one evening as he had always wanted to play the part. However, when the Colonel informs him that his company will have to stage a raid on the German trenches, the audience gets the opportunity to see how willingly Stanhope will accept a dangerous mission. �i�yЋ��/�B�BK�/B�W Z��^zT��P�T�^FU�wUy��'{��\��������n6�Xft�W�~�{ʼۓ퐢|-s)�e� Raleigh’s excitement arises from his naiveté. Being a book solely about war, “Journey’s End” seems like a book that would have many such tense scenes, but there are very few such scenes. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. such as repetition and empathy. Stanhope deals with his fears by expressing indiscriminative anger towards the rest of the soldiers. The way in which the weaker man is manipulated by the stronger is both fascinating and repulsive to the audience, but it includes an important lesson in what lies at the core of Stanhope’s psychology. Colin Clive as Stanhope in the 1929 production of Journey's End, directed by James Whale Journey's End opened as a semi-staged production running for two nights at the Apollo Theatre. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Hibbert is described as “a small, slightly built man” in Sherriff’s stage directions. 5 pages, 2053 words. His loyalty - despite Stanhope’s flaws - remains throughout. Such as in Act 2 Scene 2, Stanhope releases his own aggression at Hibbert because of what he fears. Struggling with distance learning? It is known that the attack id extremely risky and very likely to be fatal, it is unlikely for many men to survive. This is why, when the Sergeant-Major asks what they’ll do if the German forces thrust beyond them, he simply states the absurd notion that they will “advance and win the war,” as if winning the war is simply a matter of gaining ground and not a matter of killing the enemy. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Raleigh in Journey's End Naive. 54), “God! When Stanhope says that he too has neuralgia, the audience understands that he’s trying to manipulate Hibbert into staying. Hibbert in Journey's End Frightened. ˀdϪ�!����۴=RU��\�A�`I7e^�a�����uu�碾�,����Z���B]�N���W���u� N��~��7�]wR��3|�����6� Timeline: Act 1 Scene 1: Stanhope relieves Hardy as company commander, and Raleigh arrives in the trenches for the first time and joins Stanhope's company. In doing so, he makes Hibbert feel like he isn’t so alone, using companionship as a way of inflating his courage. As such, the raid gives him something to look forward to, finally allowing him to do something. Despite coming across as cold and harsh in this scene, Stanhope uses a variety of rhetorical devices. It starred Laurence Olivier, then only 21, offered the role of Stanhope by the then equally unknown director James Whale. However, his excitement may also come from the fact that the raid gives him a chance to stop waiting for something to happen. x��\K��8��б}h�(�z,�����Y�䶻���6��3���eYd�e��b�i��Xϯ��~�Gvs��o�{Ȋ�2�{���>���G�uyWg��޿Y��Y)��i��.rYf��t�_�E�||�N��|������(����)D�.��;������^�V/���,>,��Iug�v�R?�#���1=���ſ�L}��7�k�_]�ס�6�/�*JX��Zh���>������e�RS���l�;f~��2F^���(�ֹPY#�\�1nקlq]^�E�7oQ�MtɓM�\���� If he’s willing to shoot one of his own men, there’s no telling how unhinged he must be. Stanhope rebukes him, clarifying that he isn't the only one who cares that Osborne died, and that he drinks not to celebrate but to cope. Osborne in Journey's End Loyal. When Sherriff first met Douglass he was drying a sock over a candle flame, a scene given to Captain Hardy in Journey’s End. … I’ll never go into those trenches again. Trotter’s story about previous raids makes it even more clear that the mission Osborne and Raleigh are about to embark upon is—for lack of a better term—a death trap. This Stanhope and Hibbert incident also sheds some light on the end of the play, where Raleigh is killed in battle. To start with, Stanhope acts very angrily at the thought of Hibbert going down the line: “You’re going to stay here” (Stanhope, pg. This often means ignoring his good sense so that he can blindly accept his instructions. Stanhope considers himself as having been able to overcome the trauma of the battle at Vimy Ridge by drinking. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. %PDF-1.5 When Hibbert presses Stanhope, he discovers that Stanhope is tired of soldiers faking various illnesses in order to excuse themselves from duty. Pۘ� X�Bn�&30i�&�k���fX�����T-�B�$ B�q���aIf{t�-"O�Y*�&��ك�8���5J`�������� ���m�-�H8��~�!�!��7�k*NI�h�\u�&�� ׋V �tW9b�ʩtl)�e*����r�I¸;�a�M�d;:�5P�GK.4*x�h0[i�x9f�A�yɞ�TfL�R���MQq>�ұ�U��bon�I6� 䏜�V��� �. endobj CandidatetoA sent home before theIn this scene from Journey’s End, Hibbert is trying getGerman attack which Stanhope says will happen on Thursday. They discuss the relative weight and skinniness of women on postcards Hibbert shows the others. Stanhope has already had a word with the doctor to prevent him from sending Hibbert for treatment and the only escape appears to be death, but when Stanhope threatens to shoot him, Hibbert urges him to do so, “Go on, then, shoot! In scene 2 Sheriff creates tension on stage between Stanhope and S-M. “Stanhope: then we advance and win the war S-M: [pretending to make a note] Win the War. 1 0 obj At the end of the scene, Stanhope is put to bed drunk Act 2 Scene 1: The officers get to… Compare Trotter with Hibbert in the scene on pages 81-86 when they have just finished dinner. Once alone, Stanhope tells Mason to bring Raleigh’s supper, but when Raleigh finally arrives, the young officer … John Mills was appearing as Stanhope in a touring production of Journey's End which reached, I think, Singapore, where Noel Coward was appearing in production of his own. This is revealed perhaps more than anywhere else in the dramatic scene where Stanhope threatens to shoot Hibbert with his revolver.  There is a call for a stretcher bearer this time it is for Raleigh. The satisfaction that Osborne derives from reading. Stanhope, Act III, Scene 2, p. 85. Stanhope accuses Hibbert of: …wasting as much time as you can. A message is relayed to Stanhope telling him that Raleigh has been injured by a shell and that his spine is damaged meaning that he can’t move his legs. Nonetheless, Hibbert’s fear of war is so overwhelming that he pushes on, insisting that he has “tried damned hard” to put up with the pain but that he can’t bear it any longer. �����`h��"��&[�}JŎ�[�q��P �Ӈ%!lC03w�ag�A�Ų�Uh��R-ƛ�%s@��? Stanhope’s main successful tactic in trying to get Hibbert to stay is to call upon the notion of camaraderie and friendship. Sherriff's Journey’s End? - you little swine” (Stanhope, pg. “I liked the way you stuck that,” Stanhope says to Hibbert, implying that Hibbert can, in fact, withstand great pressure, despite what he might otherwise think about himself. ��4-p��h�����Œ�Gg7d7�����S6�i݅����s��ue����u��^��J�E� �gXK���vAC�9��2��a�h�zC��8�]^��1�xOHZ��D7k�o���� 7\�գQ��p�m��&vN�j���S��4y��M���j�*W�V��r�w���9����^��`X�ZG̒���k���`�p�����YQݙ�V5XQ����H��f�=q) �>�RuKI�5�'�� (�n��1MlY��Q �8ͤ�a��h#\xo-���@�@G�t�/�5SL�Bz�I~�f�F���ǡj This is somewhat reminiscent of Sherriff’s use of language in Journey’s End when constructing the dialogue between Stanhope and Hibbert in Act Two, in which Stanhope perhaps directly threatens Hibbert’s masculinity through giving him an ultimatum; ‘you either stay here and try to be a man – or you get out of that door – to desert’. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. WƦ��,�Б ��[p��dCe��RF���Pܮh� �@�����>$"G=C��&� ���,�GO����mcd��� u��C0t��2v���μ'0Q`�e�����eOuu�R���x�z[�Hg�����v0�K0 f �B�Hv���T��F�� ت-��;O�y�Y�t���i��9�y�Ѫǯ{h���P������|D�[��k��M��W���׈���b���� 8b� � �$tt[���d� �9�aZqE�"�gl�}[(?��i�S���^��Ak�`��Y���z���B�~`�������J����p��Q��i�a��� -����!| f8�읡8m�|��p(�}��?���J?#�Q�…����p8,���ȅѶ���Z��8�U���A��F��e�!�@�; +���M�(Ua�[k��6w,�����/�o<8�����̏ �}tDc� ��`�`��p���hzC��M5��UR�M�uZ�^I�x���Y7٧��3�Zڪ�(0 �h���#!�]h�X�y�w�#��q��La�����MX�)'!�:2��@Rk@����p@ Need help with Act 2, Scene 1 in R.C. <>>> stream Before being relieved, Hardy, Osborne and Raleigh talk about Stanhope. The scene which takes place with Hibbert and Stanhope conversing and discussing Hibbert’s neuralgia is undoubtedly the tensest moment of the entire play. *��A For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one: ). He sees Hibbert as a "worm" and thinks that everyone should do their part in the war. As well as dialogue and sound effects, Sherriff also uses the lack of these for impact. Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Anticipation, Expectations, and Uncertainty. Stanhope subtlety threatens Hibbert and the tension becomes higher as we don’t know if Stanhope is being serious and will carry out his threat. Sherriff wrote of Douglass: endobj to persuade Hibbert to stay. 3 0 obj  Stanhope instructs Hibber to take Mason up. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. ” Pg 51 Sheriff has cleverly added the little stage direction to create tension. <> No matter how hard he might try to act as if Raleigh is just another soldier—no matter how much gruff indifference he shows Raleigh—the fact of the matter is that there is a fondness between them that influences the dynamic of their military relationship, making it hard for Stanhope to send Raleigh into harm’s way. The Journey’s End quotes below are all either spoken by Stanhope or refer to Stanhope. Stanhope’s attempt to spare Raleigh from having to lead the dangerous raid on the German trenches is evidence of his connection with the young man. endobj He thinks he can report sick and expects to leave: “I’ve got all my stuffpacked”. Having proved this, Stanhope then normalizes Hibbert’s fear by admitting that he too can barely get himself to remain in the trenches. Very good, sir. 2 0 obj Instant downloads of all 1388 LitChart PDFs Filed Under: Term Papers. Treat ‘em rough!’ Whilst study guides suggest that Hibbert is simply a weak, ignoble character who represents cowardice, it is possible that in this scene he behaves as he does in an attempt to fit … (including. Hibbert says he hasneuralgia. >a�Gl�W��:@+�����+�ݿ�'87��X���X-:6�v!����택��`O����۸��Q_��#��w�r���]������}g}����A�m��N�=���p��'����ŝ�WG�����Es�=�����E�z΁s�4��=yv�G�x�z6��g��'�1"�@j���q������6�&L���yY[��춯0�f�C�^��ﰒ0�!&>�]��D�`&|��!�$4��`��x��t���Y[��.�-�g�Xٿ`�Ⱦ�wi���iX{�lm�p&�  Stanhope orders that Raleigh is brought down to the officer[s trench. Trotter and Hibbert and Stanhope make jokes about women and smoke cigars in a celebratory mood. �Q_��T2v�L������W ��0O�d���5r=�h�0����K �;�!xǟb����N�=�fh��� h>�v�6hK�y�� Of course, his aggressiveness in this moment is most likely the result of his own fear—since he himself can hardly handle the fear of life in the trenches, he deeply resents Hibbert’s willingness to lie his way out of the war. Once again, Stanhope appears psychologically unstable. Stanhope again offers Hibbert support and a huge reassurance. All of this started when Hibbert tried to run away from the trenches. Teachers and parents! Despite Stanhope’s fear, he sets himself to the task of following his orders.  The fighting intensifies and Stanhope is informed that Corporal Ross has been hit. Journeys End by R. C Sherriff is a play which gives a realistic picture of life in a First World War trench. As such, Sherriff demonstrates to the audience just how desperate Hibbert is to escape his fear. 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