Bladder and Uterine Prolapse – Upright MRI


Imaging is pretty cool, isn’t it? The primary complaint of patients is that symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse get worse when they stand up. That makes sense, right? There are gravity, positional, and pressure changes. Symptoms may vary, but are often described as “bulge feeling down there” or “I feel like I have a golf ball or bowling ball between my legs”.

Here’s a view of comparing lying down vs. standing vs. standing with straining.

Educational piece for patients: * Due to the anatomy, the uterus can actually “fall” so far down that it can protrude outside of the vagina. The bladder is in a separate space. It can also “fall” and cave toward the vaginal wall, but you can’t see the actual bladder falling (just the vagina bulging). However, it is common that the urethra will also descend down along with the bladder. This can be seen vaginally.

Fancy terms: Bladder Prolapse = Cystocele. Bladder + Urethra = Cystourethrocele

[Left side is the front of the body and the right side is the back/spine. The white part is the bladder and directly to the right is the uterus].

Bladder and Uterus Prolapse in Standing

7 thoughts on “Bladder and Uterine Prolapse – Upright MRI

  1. Is this a live woman or a cadaver? Is she really vertical in the second and third pictures? If she is vertical in the second and third pictures, why don’t her buttocks change in shape? They look flattened, as if she is still lying down.

  2. Hello Louise- thanks for your question. This is actually a live woman who is standing in the second picture and then actively straining in the third (not cadaver). If you were to draw a line at the bottom near the buttocks, you would see a downward shift of the anatomy there. The MRI is a “cross-section” (cut) view so everything will look more “flattened”. I hope that helps…I totally see why it would look confusing.

  3. Very interesting new method to assess female urinary tract affected by stress incontinence.

    Take a look at my recent academic paper entitled: “Upright MRI in the evaluation of genuine stress urinary incontinence of the female urinary tract” on research gate.com

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